What causes throat cancer? Is throat cancer curable? Throat cancer is one of the four most dangerous cancers in the world. The mortality rate of nasopharyngeal cancer is up to 97%. Therefore, screening for cancer is extremely important to protect your health. Let’s go with Dung Ha Dry Food to find out the cause of throat cancer and the specific stage of the disease !
1. What is nasopharyngeal cancer?
Throat cancer is a malignant disease. It arises from harmful bacterial cells in the nasopharynx, the uppermost part of the pharynx. Similar to other cancers, late stage nasopharyngeal cancer will metastasize and affect surrounding cells. And at this stage, the survival rate is only 0.01%.
Depending on the location, stage of the disease, the prognosis of these malignancies. However, the common point of nasopharyngeal cancer is that it originates from the squamous cell epithelium in the throat.
2. Causes of oropharyngeal cancer
2.1 Tobacco use
Cigarettes are considered ” the ghost of a silent killer “. The main ingredient in cigarettes is nicotine. Long-term use will accumulate many toxins in the body. For a long time, these toxins are not eliminated to the outside and will produce harmful bacterial cells. It is this poison that will affect the lungs and nasopharynx. Causing dangerous disease is: ” lung cancer and nasopharyngeal cancer “. Therefore, anyone who is intending to use tobacco, please give up immediately to protect yourself, your family and the community!
2.2 Abuse of Alcohol
Alcohol, if you know where to stop, is also very good for your health. But if you abuse too much alcohol is very worrying. There is an extremely high alcohol content in beer, which increases the risk of throat cancer. Using alcohol + tobacco will double the risk of cancer. Drink just enough to protect your health and life
2.3 Unhealthy diet
Unhealthy eating habits are also the cause of an increased risk of oropharyngeal cancer. The hobby of eating too much fried, fried, canned, fermented, salted food, etc. regularly also increases the risk of disease. Sometimes even harmful to health. To balance your diet, you should use fruit and vegetable products with lots of fiber and vitamins to strengthen your resistance.
2.4 Polluted living environment
People who often work in polluted and dusty environments. Exposure to many toxic chemicals without protective gear is the main cause of cancer. Therefore, people working in this environment, during the health checkups opened by the company, need to be carefully examined. A complete blood test to look for cancer-causing cells. The earlier it is detected, the easier it will be to treat.
2.5 Genetic factors
If someone in the family has had cancer, the rest of the family members are more likely to get cancer as well. Therefore, family members should go for regular check-ups every 4 or 6 months for easier cancer screening!
2.6 Oral sex
Oral sex increases the risk of contracting the virus that causes STIs. Especially the HPV virus. Couples need to have regular gynecological check-ups to screen for disease. Thoroughly clean the intimate area, always keep the private area cool, use a cleaning solution to deodorize, especially on red light days. The care of the intimate area, clean hygiene also overcomes infertility in couples. To reduce the possibility of the virus spreading, you can use protection such as wearing a condom during sex.
According to statistics from the American Cancer Society, the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer is four times higher in men than women. The main cause still lies in the abuse of tobacco, the use of many alcoholic beverages.
3. Stages of nasopharyngeal cancer
3.1 Early stage nasopharyngeal cancer
The early stage is also known as the incubation period . The tumor began to form silently, then appeared symptoms like a sore throat, a common cold. It is at this stage that the patient is often very subjective. Some early signs of throat cancer include:
- Have a runny nose
At this stage, flu medicine can be used to cure the disease. Symptoms are usually very mild, sometimes even no symptoms
3.2 Stage two nasopharyngeal cancer
The second stage is called the localization phase . Clinical manifestations are often more specific:
- Neurological symptoms: Migraine pain, pain deep in the eye sockets, pain in the temples
- Nerve compression causes numbness in the mouth and face
- Stuffy nose, runny nose, runny nose with blood
- Swollen lymph nodes
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3.3 nasopharyngeal cancer stage 3
In the third stage , there are many severe symptoms such as:
- Picky eaters
- Skin color change
- Severe weight loss
- 2 sides of the nose are blocked
- Tinnitus, hearing loss, ear pain, death, perforated eardrum
- Paralysis of the pharynx
- Lost voice
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3.4 End stage nasopharyngeal cancer
In the final stage , cancer cells are all malignant cells. They have the ability to spread with incredible speed. Metastasis to other parts of the body. Malignant cancer cells eat away at all kinds of beneficial bacteria in the body, weakening the immune system and human resistance. At this stage, cancer patients are often depressed mentally, and physically.
- Throat area is painful and necrotic
- Enlarged, necrotic lymph nodes
- Metastasis to neighboring pulse cells and 99% mortality
Throat cancer is a serious and dangerous disease. It directly affects health. Screening for oropharyngeal cancer is a must to promptly prevent their spread to neighboring areas.
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4. Can throat cancer be cured?
Throat cancer is completely curable if detected in its early stages. In this early stage, the patient will be treated with surgical methods as prescribed by the doctor. After surgery, evaluate the patient’s condition and apply radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells completely. Thereby prolonging the life of the patient.
But unfortunately, the rate of patients diagnosed at this stage to maintain life is very low. Usually at these stages, the patient has very mild symptoms, feeling like common sore throats. Often in the late stages, the symptoms become more severe, the ability to save the patient’s life seems to be completely hopeless.
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