What is influenza a? Influenza a and its treatment – ​​Thucphamkho


What is influenza a? This is probably a disease that is becoming more common with the northern weather recently. With symptoms similar to the common flu. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish influenza a from common flu. This makes many people subjective and indifferent about the disease. And recently, the rate of people hospitalized for treatment is increasing rapidly. Making the health sector really sit on a hot pan of fire. Let’s go with Dung Ha Dry Food to learn about influenza a and how to treat it !

1. What is influenza a disease?

Influenza A is an acute respiratory infection. Influenza a is usually caused by strains of influenza a virus including: H1N1, H5N1, H7N9. Most infected people recover on their own without medication. However, there have been some cases of hospitalization and death due to infection with this virus. 


Influenza a is more common in seasonal flu epidemics. With a tremendous spread. Subjectively will get sick at any time. Influenza a is also classified as a “ global flu epidemic ” because influenza a viruses have the ability to change and group to create new strains from flu season to flu season. Therefore, in each season, there are often epidemics, often called seasonal flu. Past vaccinations cannot prevent new strains in the future. Influenza A viruses can be spread from animals to humans. 

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2. Symptoms of disease at any age

2.1 Symptoms of influenza a in children

Influenza a can spread to all subjects, from young people to the elderly. Especially, children are the first thing that influenza a virus targets. Children’s resistance is very weak, the immune system is weak. But symptoms of influenza a in children can be seen with the naked eye.


The most common symptoms of influenza a in children today:

  • Malaria hot fever
  • Headaches and body aches
  • Feeling tired and weak
  • Sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, runny nose
  • Sore throat and cough for days
  • Abdominal pain and nausea
  • Skipping meals, anorexia

Influenza a symptoms in children usually only appear for about a week and will disappear if treated with medicine. After that, the baby will feel tired for about 3 to 4 weeks. If left too long, the disease will have very dangerous complications.

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2.2 Symptoms of influenza a in adults

Not like children. Adults have strong resistance, good immune system, so sometimes they are infected without knowing it. Usually, when young children are infected, they will find out immediately. But for adults, it takes 3-5 days for the disease to have obvious symptoms such as:

  • Sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches, body aches 
  • Tired, exhausted health
  • Bitter mouth
  • Anorexia, not eating well
  • Insomnia
  • Fever for many days


If the flu is mild, you can use mild drugs to treat the disease and the disease will also be cured. But sometimes if left for a long time, the disease will eat deeper and appear dangerous symptoms. People such as children, the elderly over 65 years old or pregnant women need to monitor symptoms and have timely treatment. If left for a long time, subjectivity will lead to death.

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3. How to treat influenza A at home

As soon as you are diagnosed with Influenza A Virus. The first thing you need to do is really calm down, keep your mind strong to fight the disease. Next, you need to isolate in a separate room to avoid spreading the infection to your loved ones.


    • Patients need to be monitored in a private room within 7 days
    • Steam people with ginger, lemon, lemongrass, grapefruit leaves, salt once every 3 days
    • Use a home influenza A rapid test strip every 3 days to monitor the concentration of virus light or dark
    • All activities are separated from family members. Washing, personal hygiene, eating utensils. If you want to go out, you need to wear a mask and limit contact. Use antiseptic alcohol spray on the area where your hands have just come into contact
    • Patients should not come into contact with people at high risk of disease such as the elderly, infants and pregnant women.
    • Frequent throat spray
    • Use nasal spray or physiological saline to avoid infection
    • Gargle regularly with salt water
    • Drink a lot of water. Or drink oresol to help replenish electrolytes for the body
    • Do not bathe. Instead, clean the body and sensitive areas with natural essential oils to clean bacteria
    • When fever is over 39 degrees Celsius, only use Paracetamol 
    • When you see signs of serious change in your body such as: chest pain, difficulty breathing, vomiting a lot, restlessness, etc., you must call the medical hotline immediately.

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4. The most effective way to prevent influenza a

There are many ways to prevent influenza A for adults and children. However, the Ministry of Health recommends the following measures to reduce patient load at hospitals:

  • When symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, lost voice, etc., you should immediately go to a medical facility for examination. As well as taking measures to isolate from family members.
  • Wash your hands often with soap to kill bacteria. Avoid touching your eyes and nose
  • Maintain personal hygiene, use alcohol sanitizer to kill bacteria. 
  • Limit gatherings of people in high-risk areas.
  • Always wear a mask and limit contact with loved ones.
  • Use drugs to strengthen resistance, rehydrate electrolytes.
  • Do light exercise in your room regularly.
  • Eat nutritious food and get enough sleep.
  • Getting vaccinated against the flu is key to preventing a viral attack.

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The above is the most effective way to prevent flu a to protect the health of yourself and your family members. If the condition worsens, it is necessary to immediately go to the nearest medical facility for examination. Never use medications without your doctor’s approval.

5. Conclusion

Above, is the most detailed answer about what is influenza a disease? As well as the symptoms of influenza a and the most effective preventive measure against influenza a. Influenza A is mainly transmitted through the respiratory tract . Therefore, the elderly, young children, pregnant women, absolutely gather in crowded places, or come into contact with sick people who do not wear masks. The most important thing is the awareness of the people. Regular flu vaccinations, especially booster shots, should be performed. Do not be subjective, neglect the disease. We are all victims of flu if we are subjective. 

Hopefully, through the article , what is the flu? Readers have the most comprehensive overview of this dangerous infectious disease. Protecting your own health is your contribution to protecting the health of the community and family members.


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