Instructions to store dry and fresh food safely and without loss of nutrition

bảo quản thịt tươi sống

Surely most of you have a habit of storing food for daily use, right? However, how to keep them for a long time and still ensure nutrition when processing? Let’s immediately discover the most popular ways to preserve food .

How to store food safely

Freezing method

Currently, the most widely used method of food preservation is freezing. On the market, refrigerators have separate freezer and refrigerator compartments. With a variety of models, suitable for many different foods. For business establishments, to preserve larger volumes of food, it is necessary to use large refrigerators or freezers. 

bảo quản thực phẩm

Normally, with the freezing method, foods will usually be stored at a temperature of 0 degrees Celsius or possibly lower. This is the temperature that causes all microbial activity to temporarily stop. As a result, the food will have a longer shelf life.

>> Instructions on how to make yellow chrysanthemum tea at home very simple


One of the other ways to preserve food is vacuum sealing. With this method, the food will be stored in a sealed bag. Then it will suck out all the air inside. 

hút chân không

In a vacuum environment, bacteria will lack oxygen and cannot function. This will help prevent food from spoiling. Today, many foods are preserved in this way.

Canned, bottles, jars

For fruits and vegetables, canned or bottled preservation is being widely applied. These types of boxes or bottles will be boiled to disinfect and remove bacteria. 

Then, the food will be put in discreetly and carefully. Depending on the type of food and different dishes will have different storage times. For some types, it can be boiled in a pressure cooker in the final step.

đóng hộp

However, for this preservation method, after opening the lid, you should use the food immediately and finish it in that time. Note that the food cannot be preserved anymore. Because it has been invaded by a number of bacteria and can cause rancidity.

Sour salt

Since ancient times, pickling has been a way of preserving food that many people apply. You can easily come across this method for vegetables such as cabbage, eggplant, radish, cucumber, etc. 

bảo quản thực phẩm

This way, the food will keep longer. You will also get pickled dishes with delicious, new flavors. Helps you to relieve boredom and can cook more attractive dishes.

Most vegetables can be pickled with brine, vinegar, wine, vegetable oil, olive oil, etc. Besides, according to the method of pickling and the type of food, the body can be full. , indigestion when using.


With the smoking method, you will surely find it popularly applied to meats and fish. This is also the way to create specialty dishes of the Northwest mountains.

With this way of preserving food , the dish will be enhanced with flavor thanks to marinated spices. With a combination of heat to dry without cooking. The addition of hydrocarbons from the smoke will help food to be preserved better. However, frequent and excessive intake of hydrocarbon components in the body will also increase the likelihood of cancer.


This is considered the oldest method of preserving food applied today. With this method, you can use it to store meat, fish, vegetables, tubers, fruits, etc. However, the vitamins in the food will be lost and not intact as the original.

sấy khô

The content of vitamins will be reduced if you dry food in sunny conditions. During storage, this content also continues to decrease due to oxidation. 

Therefore, with this preservation method you also need to consider. Especially for some foods containing many rare nutrients.

How to preserve fresh food

For animal meats

For fresh animal meat you should buy a sufficient amount. You should process it right in your daily dishes to ensure freshness. You should not buy too much to freeze and use. If the amount of meat you balance can be used within 2 days, you should put the meat in an airtight container and store it in the cool section of the refrigerator.

bảo quản thịt tươi sống

But if you plan to use it longer, keep it in the freezer. Don’t forget to use plastic wrap to keep the meat moist before freezing. 

With bacon or ham, you just need to put it in a sealed container. Then use a salted towel to cover it. This can help balance the temperature and help the dish retain its delicious flavor.

For seafood group

Seafood foods often have a characteristic fishy smell such as shrimp, fish, squid, shrimp, octopus, clams, oysters, snails …. Therefore, to limit this fishy smell and avoid transferring the smell to other foods, you should wrap them with food wrap. Then put it in a sealed container. 

To preserve the best seafood food, if you plan to use it soon in about 2 days, you should put it in the refrigerator compartment. If you want to keep it longer, you should wrap it up and put it in the freezer. 

Besides, for fish, you can boil it and put it in the refrigerator compartment. This step will reduce the fishy smell and keep enough nutrients of the fish.

Fresh milk

For fresh milk with natural ingredients, you need to store it carefully because they are very susceptible to bacteria and fermentation. 

Therefore, when the milk carton has been opened, you should use it up. If you still have milk, put the milk in an airtight container and store it in the refrigerator. 

However, in order to fully absorb the nutrients contained in the composition of fresh milk, it is best to consume them within 1 day.

For the vegetables

With fresh vegetables after buying, you should cut off the damaged and wilted leaves. Do not put vegetables in water to soak, but put vegetables in zip bags or other paper-lined containers on the bottom. This way the vegetables are dry, not wet.

bảo quản rau

If you wash vegetables with water without putting the dried vegetables in the refrigerator right away, it is very easy to cause the vegetables to be waterlogged, bruised and quickly shriveled. 

With the above way of preserving vegetables, vegetables can keep their green freshness for about 2 weeks.

For the fruits

Fruit is a fresh food, a rich source of vitamins. You can store them in the refrigerator. 

However, if you want a longer shelf life, you should put the fruit in a zip bag or box with desiccant paper lining the bottom. Besides, you also need to check the refrigerator regularly. If any fruit is crushed or damaged, you need to remove it. Because they can make the remaining fruits ripen faster and reduce the storage time. 

How to store dry food?

For dried seafood

Dried seafood such as dried squid, dried fish or dried shrimp … after buying, you should dry them in the sun for about 2 to 3 hours. This is to ensure they are as dry as possible. Then you use newspaper to wrap it tightly and finally put it in a plastic bag and tie it tightly. Store in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator at -18 degrees Celsius. Because there is not much water in dried seafood, when stored in a low temperature environment, it will help them become more flexible and delicious.

You can see more details here: Storing dried seafood properly – keeping all the nutrients

For the mushrooms

The preservation of nutritious fresh mushrooms is extremely simple. After buying, you put the mushrooms in a glass jar and then close the lid. In addition, you can also put them in a plastic bag, tie it tightly. Then keep it in a dry place or put it in the refrigerator. With dried mushrooms before use, you just need to take them out and soak for about 10 minutes. Mushrooms are soft, you can process them into dishes as usual.

bảo quản nấm

>> How to preserve fresh straw mushrooms for many days

For bread

The longest way to preserve food is simple bread, which is to put them in tightly tied plastic bags. This will not let air in. However, you should only use bread from about 3 to 5 days after storing. If left for a long time, the bread may become moldy and ferment. This is not good for the health of the user.

For cheese

Cheese is a premium food, delicious in taste. However, it is easy to melt under normal temperature conditions. So when buying cheese, you should cut it into small pieces. You can use them for a certain amount of time. Then use parchment paper and store it in the refrigerator. With cheese you should not use cling film. Because it is easy to cause gas, and the taste will not be as good as when you first bought it.

For cereals

Normally, nutritious cereals can be stored for several months. However, to keep the maximum nutrients in this food, you should store them in glass jars. Then close the lid or put them in plastic bags and tie them tightly. Then you should keep them in a cool place or store in the refrigerator compartment.

For dried bamboo shoots

With dried bamboo shoots for long-term preservation and maximum natural flavor, you should put them in thick plastic bags and then tie them tightly. Next, you can put it in the refrigerator to preserve it. Or you leave them in a dry place, away from moisture. For boiled dried bamboo shoots, you can store them in the refrigerator for about 2 to 3 days.

bảo quản măng

For spices

Daily cooking spices such as onions, garlic, chili, ginger … you should put them in a dry basket or paper bag, not in a plastic bag. You can also store it in the fridge and use it later.

Surely with the information that the News column shared above has helped you find a way to preserve food at home properly and safely. However, to ensure safety and benefit the health of the whole family, you should buy organic and organic foods and use them during the day!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *