With the hot weather of Hanoi like today, the preservation of termite mushrooms is extremely important. Termite mushrooms are very difficult to find in the market, the price is expensive, and if you can find termite mushrooms that you do not know how to preserve, it is a bad thing. Because you don’t know how to preserve termite mushrooms, most of the time you want to eat termite mushrooms, you will also have to order in advance with the suppliers. In the following article, Dung Ha Dried Agricultural Products will explain in detail to you how to preserve dried termite mushrooms for a long time, delicious, do not worry about damage, comfortably store termite mushrooms in the house.
1. What is termite fungus?
- Body cylindrical, off-white. Big bulge on the top and small on the bottom
- White mushroom cap, when mature, mushroom cap expands, umbrella-shaped, pure white color
- When young, the mushroom cap is like a folded umbrella, light brown in color
2. Nutritional value in termite mushrooms?
- Protein: Termite mushrooms contain extremely high protein content. This is a great source of quality protein. Protein is essential for the growth and repair of muscles in the body
- Fiber: Termites mushrooms contain dietary fiber, which enhances digestive function and maintains the health of the digestive system. Fiber also helps reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and aids in weight management
- Vitamin B: Termites are a rich source of B vitamins. These include: Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B5 (Pantotheic Acid), Vitamin B6 and Folic Acid. B vitamins play an important role in converting food into energy, supporting nerve function and cell growth.
- Minerals: Termite mushrooms provide important minerals such as potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron. These minerals play an important role in the development and maintenance of bone, nervous, muscle and immune system health.
- Antioxidants: Termite mushrooms contain antioxidants like Vitamins C and E. Along with other antioxidants like Selenium and Glutathione Antioxidants help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. and may reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer.
3. How to properly preserve fresh termite mushrooms, keep the whole mushroom flavor?
The way to preserve fresh termite mushrooms will be completely different from the preservation of enoki mushrooms, straw mushrooms, chicken thighs, shiitake mushrooms, … because each type of mushroom has its own distinct shape and different characteristics. different preservation.
Almost, the fresh mushrooms after harvest, the minimum time to use only lasts about 12 hours. To be able to use termite mushrooms for a long time, you should store them in the following way:
3.1 Choose fresh termite mushrooms:
- Choose fresh termite mushrooms that do not show signs of decay, rot, mold or blackening. Termites mushrooms must be light brown or pure white, not discolored or bruised
3.2 Store immediately after purchase:
- When buying mushrooms, store them immediately. Put mushrooms in a plastic bag or plastic food container to keep them fresh
3.3 Store in the refrigerator:
- Fresh termite mushrooms should be stored in the refrigerator to prolong their shelf life. Place mushrooms in a plastic bag or sealed bag to avoid contact with other foods in the refrigerator to prevent cross-contamination
3.4 Do not wash before storage:
- Mushrooms should not be washed before storage. Because water can increase humidity, causing fungus to spoil faster. If necessary, you can gently wipe foreign objects on the mushrooms with a clean cloth before placing them in the refrigerator
3.5 Quick use:
- Fresh termite mushrooms should be used within a short period of time when purchased. Although it can be stored in the refrigerator, termite mushrooms will still lose their freshness and sweetness after a long time of storage
- If you want to preserve termite mushrooms for a long time, you can freeze them. Place mushrooms in a sealed bag or clean food container. Close the lid tightly to prevent air exposure. Then place the mushrooms in the freezer compartment. When needed, defrost mushrooms in the refrigerator before cooking
- Do not put mushrooms in sealed bags while mushrooms are still wet
- Do not expose mushrooms to strong light sources for a long time
- Do not place mushrooms next to foods with strong odors such as garlic, onions, etc.
- Vacuum packaging is recommended to remove air and better preserve mushrooms
4. How to properly store dry termite mushrooms, so that they don’t spoil for a long time?
How to preserve dried termite mushrooms will be much simpler and easier than fresh termite mushrooms. Whether dried or fresh, termite mushrooms need to be carefully preserved before use. To preserve dry termite mushrooms without spoiling and use them for a long time, you can follow these steps:
4.1 Buy quality dried termite mushrooms:
- Choose dried termite mushrooms from a reliable and good quality source. Mushrooms should be uniform in color, free from strange odors, and show no signs of decomposition. It is recommended to buy quality dried termites at WinMart, Dung Ha Agricultural Products, Bach Hoa Xanh, … to ensure quality, as well as good prices.
4.2 Keep the mushrooms completely dry:
- Before storing termite mushrooms, make sure 100% dry termites are completely free of water. You can leave them at room temperature to limit moisture and make sure the mushrooms are completely dry
4.3 Store in sealed bags:
- Put the dried termite mushrooms in a sealed bag, tightly covered plastic container, … to prevent moisture and avoid exposure to the air
4.4 Store in a cool, dry place:
- Choose a cool, dry place to store termite mushrooms. Room temperature and dry air will help keep termite mushrooms full of flavor and last longer
4.5 Avoid strong light:
- Place the dried termite mushrooms in a place away from direct sunlight or strong light. Because the light will probably discolor, reduce the quality of the termite fungus
4.6 Check for mushrooms regularly:
- Check for termites regularly to make sure they’re still in good, usable condition. If you find any signs of mold, moisture or damage,… discard immediately and do not use
4.7 Frozen mushrooms:
- The method of freezing dried termite mushrooms you can apply or not, it’s up to you.
- If you want to store dried termites for a long time, you can freeze them. Place the dried termite mushrooms in an airtight bag or plastic container with a lid. Then put them in the freezer compartment. When using, it can be defrosted 15 minutes in advance.
5. Note when processing termite mushrooms do not cause poisoning?
- Wash before processing: Before starting to process termite mushrooms, wash them thoroughly with clean tap water to remove dirt and impurities. Use your hand or a soft brush to scrub the top of the mushroom under gentle running water
- Cooked processing: Termite mushrooms need to be cooked enough to ensure food safety and hygiene. Termite mushrooms can be cooked, steamed, fried, grilled or used in soups, stir-fries, grilled, cooked,…
- Do not cook for too long: Avoid cooking for too long as it can lose nutrients in mushrooms. Termites mushrooms should be cooked to the desired ripeness
- Do not eat termite mushrooms when drinking: Wine and termite mushrooms are two incompatible foods, not good when combined together
- Processing mushrooms in high heat: Termite mushrooms are processed on high heat and stir by hand to keep the mushrooms fresh, crispy, sweet, and not watery.
- Termites mushrooms have strong soldering properties: Therefore, you should not eat termite mushrooms with foods with strong solder properties, lest they are dangerous to the digestive system.